A history of the arab spring in the middle east

Some Islamist groups initially were even reluctant to join in the protests, and the major religious groups in Egypt—Salafis, al-Azhar, and the Coptic Church—initially opposed the revolution.

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He argues that the rise in population led to more expectations of state subsidies that were initiated under Gamal And al-Nasser. Many have argued that social media platforms allowed individuals to promote their content such as political messagesas well as logistics of protests where they will be held, what time, etc….

Second, especially under Mohamed VI, the monarchy engaged in a series of political, economic, and social reform projects that made the King arguably one of the most popular contemporary Arab rulers.

Organizational Success of Civil Society Civil society—and specifically those in organizations—were also very active in these protests.

Arab spring causes

After several days of massive demonstrations and clashes between protesters and security forces in Cairo and around the country, a turning point came at the end of the month when the Egyptian army announced that it would refuse to use force against protesters calling for the removal of Pres. What these protests did is initiate the public expression of anti-Mubarak sentiment in Egypt. Following the controversial election of Mohamed Morsi in , a coup led by defense minister Abdel Fattah el-Sisi installed the latter as president in , and he remains in power today. Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen entered an uncertain transition period, Syria and Libya were drawn into a civil conflict, while the wealthy monarchies in the Persian Gulf remained largely unshaken by the events. Consequently, his speeches remain, as in the past, undebatable in public. The Moroccan monarchy did not react to counter the February 20 movement with even a fraction of the violence that its neighbors used. And in Bahrain, peaceful pro-democracy protests in the capital Manama in and were violently suppressed by the government of King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. However, while Ben Ali rearranged the government, he himself was initially unwilling to step down. When looking at each leader, one finds scores of rights violations throughout their political tenures. The "Autumn of Nations" refers to the turmoil in Eastern Europe in when seemingly impregnable Communist regimes began falling under pressure from mass popular protests in a domino effect. The dramatic protests eventually forced Mubarak, who had ruled for 30 years, out of office. For example the Youth April 6 movement worked to announce protests, increase turnout at events, and were effective with media Rutherford, By early they had spread into what became known as the Arab Spring—a wave of protests, uprisings, and unrest that spread across Arabic-speaking countries in North Africa and the Middle East.

The Moroccan monarchy did not react to counter the February 20 movement with even a fraction of the violence that its neighbors used. The first demonstrations took place in central Tunisia in Decembercatalyzed by the self-immolation of Mohamed Bouazizia year-old street vendor protesting his treatment by local officials.

Weapons and Tuareg fighters returning from the Libyan Civil War stoked a simmering conflict in Mali that has been described as 'fallout' from the Arab Spring in North Africa. While he no longer chairs the Council of Government, which seems to imply more independence for the government, he still chairs a parallel organization called the Council of Ministers.

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Oxford University Press. Trinity University. When looking at each leader, one finds scores of rights violations throughout their political tenures. For some, they wanted these leaders to stay in power because they provided economic deals that were beneficial to the European state. Time Magazine. Following the controversial election of Mohamed Morsi in , a coup led by defense minister Abdel Fattah el-Sisi installed the latter as president in , and he remains in power today. He did not die right away but lingered in the hospital till Jan. Unlike its counterparts in the east, however, the February 20 movement has not openly asked for the removal of Mohamed VI from office or for the abolition of the monarchy. The monitoring mission was suspended several weeks later over concerns for the safety of the monitors.

Secondly, regarding the issue of social media, clearly platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, etc… were used by protesters in their coordination efforts.

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