An analysis of the class structure of african communities

Resource exploitation, domination of nature. Critical implications[ edit ] The notion of social structure may mask systematic biases, as it involves many identifiable subvariables, for example, gender. Therefore, the study of social structure is not considered a behavioral science; at this level, the analysis is too abstract.

Modern: Techno-economic system unrelated to environmental, social and cultural factors. Formal social control. It may be created by the power of elites who seek to retain their power, or by economic systems that place emphasis upon competition or cooperation.

Others believe that this structuring is not a result of natural processes, but is socially constructed.

social structures in africa

Before these different theoretical views can be discussed, however, some remarks must be made on the general aspects of the social structure of any society. Macrostructure is thus a kind of 'second level' structure, a pattern of relations between objects that have their own structure for example, a political social structure between political parties, as political parties have their own social structure.

Varied, but questionable diet commercialized.

An analysis of the class structure of african communities

Some argue that men and women who have otherwise equal qualifications receive different treatment in the workplace because of their gender, which would be termed a "social structural" bias, but other variables such as time on the job or hours worked might be masked. This permits him to argue that structures are neither independent of actors nor determining of their behavior, but rather sets of rules and competencies on which actors draw, and which, in the aggregate, they reproduce. Few possessions; similar standard of living. Traditional: Inherently democratic, decentralized power kin-based. Traditional: Production for use or subsistence. Marx argued that the economic base substantially determined the cultural and political superstructure of a society. Public goals good of group over individual. High degree of trans. Rural supports growth. This approach, sometimes called formal sociology, does not refer directly to individual behaviour or interpersonal interaction. Subsistence and economy. Pay for goods and services; contract-based; shadow work. Less leisure, no time; time is independent of life; time is money. Informal social control.

Distinct economic sphere, with distinct domains.

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Social structure