An analysis of the truman doctrine and the marshall plan caused the cold war

An analysis of the truman doctrine and the marshall plan caused the cold war

In line with the Churchill-Stalin " percentages agreement ", the Greek communists received no help from the Soviet Union, and Yugoslavia provided them support and sanctuary against Stalin's wishes. In FebruaryKennan, an American diplomat in Moscow, sent his famed " Long Telegram ", which predicted the Soviets would only respond to force and that the best way to handle them would be through a long-term strategy of containment, that is stopping their geographical expansion.

It may be possible that focusing on American and Soviet motives in dividing Europe underplay the influence of the European nations themselves in determining their fate.

Consequences of the marshall plan

At the very least they would have a significant initial advantage in any such move Poole The postwar period from started with a " multi-party period " and the Democratic Party government of Adnan Menderes. Gillingham, J. Anti-communists in both parties supported both Truman's proposed aid package and the doctrine behind it, and Collier's described it as a "popularity jackpot" for the President. Roberts, G. One way of viewing the division of Europe is as two areas under the dominance of Great powers. As the Turkish government would not submit to the Soviet Union's requests, tensions arose in the region, leading to a show of naval force on the side of the Soviets. Mallalieu, W.

The thesis rests with the assertion that British foreign secretary Ernest Bevin deliberately and abruptly ended British aid to Greece knowing that it would draw the Americans into an interventionist path in Europe.

This thesis maintains that, although on the surface this sounds similar to Soviet domination in the Eastern bloc, both America and Western Europe had compatible goals. Since British assistance to Turkey had ended inthe U. Roberts, G. It has been proposed that either directly or indirectly the blame for starting the Cold War actually rests within British politics, not that of the Soviet Union or America.

This was adopted as internal policy after the failed Paris negotiations in June-July and the rejection of the Marshall Plan Roberts To pass any legislation Truman needed the support of the Republicanswho controlled both houses of Congress.

With Comecon and the Marshall Plan operating in parallel, and the Truman doctrine of Containment outwardly involving America in a reactionary process against the Soviet Union, it is certainly safe to state that by late Europe was divided in two.

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It brought nation-building activities and modernization programs to the forefront of foreign policy. If the United States wanted to halt the spread of Communism into Greece, it would have to do so itself.

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Harry Truman and the Truman Doctrine