Gianlorenzo bernini ecstasy of saint theresa

But Bernini, remember, is a dramatist, and remember, is a stage craftsman. Theresa is not just a sculpture, but a total environment: Bernini designed the entire chapel, creating a veritable stage set complete with sculpted audience members.

Santa maria della vittoria

Its spatial construction, use of light, trompe l'oeil mural painting , along with the marble, gilded wood and gilt bronze materials used, is a perfect vehicle for such an expression of piety. And that's precisely what this is about. The subject matter is the ecstasy of Saint Teresa. Teresa is shown lying on a cloud indicating that this is intended to be a divine apparition we are witnessing. In her writings, Theresa describes how she would feel suddenly consumed by the love of God, feel the bodily presence of Christ or of angels, and be lifted to an exalted state of ecstasy. This he plunged into my heart several times The work depicts an episode of "religious ecstasy" in the life of the cloistered Spanish mystic and Carmelite nun - Teresa of Avila - as described in her autobiography "The Life of Teresa of Jesus". The sweetness caused me by this intense pain is so extreme that one cannot possibly wish it to cease. It gets in the way. So we become immediately part of the work of art. You know, this is the Counter Reformation.

And he's using all of his tricks to make this happen. The sweetness caused me by this intense pain is so extreme that one cannot possibly wish it to cease.

Chiesa di santa maria della vittoria

Beside me, on the left hand, appeared an angel in bodily form He is of the heavens. And Frederico Cornaro was a cardinal in Venice, but had important ties to Rome. Yet the drapery also conveys the "agitation" of the swooning nun. The combined effect is one of intense drama, the ethereality of which denies the true nature of the work of art. They belong to our space and our world. The pain was so severe that it made me utter several moans. Other witnesses appear on the side walls; life-size high-relief donor portraits of male members of the Cornaro family, e. His body is very graceful. The sculpture of Saint Teresa actually consists of two figures, sculpted in white marble: Teresa herself, shown lying on a cloud, and an angel standing above her, holding a golden spear pointed at Teresa's heart. The sweetness caused by this intense pain is so extreme that one cannot possibly wish it to cease, nor is one's soul then content with anything but God. And it almost seems as if the light that's pouring down on these two figures is coming from the Holy Spirit.

Maria dell'Assunzione, Ariccia, in Rome. The chapel's interior, a stunning combination of architecture as well as, sculpture and paintingwas also designed by Bernini, with his sculpture of St.

Transverberation

STEVEN ZUCKER: Look at the way that the broken pediment, this sort of proscenium, this stage-like space literally seems to open up as if the marble is moving to reveal this very intimate image, and to give us a sense of the specialness of our vantage point. It is a caressing of love so sweet which now takes place between the soul and God, that I pray God of His goodness to make him experience it who may think that I am lying. All of which greatly enhanced his reputation as one of the top Baroque architects in the city. It's about metamorphosis. A complete understanding of the aesthetic impact and spiritual significance of the Ecstasy can only be gained in the context of the larger space of the chapel. Eroticism: Although some art historians insist that Bernini could not possibly have intended to imbue this subject with an erotic energy, as that would have been inconceivably heretical for that time, in reality the concupiscent implications of this work are unmistakable: the beautiful, bare-chested young angle gently opens Theresa's dress, preparing to penetrate her with his arrow, while the saint throws back her head with an expression of ecstasy. Cardinal Federico Cornaro Bernini - then the leading sculptor in Rome - worked on the sculpture from to , during the reign of the Pamphili Pope, Innocent X , from whom he received no patronage, owing to his lengthy close relationship with Innocent's predecessor, the extravagant Urban VIII In his hands I saw a great golden spear, and at the iron tip there appeared to be a point of fire. Yet the drapery also conveys the "agitation" of the swooning nun.

But an exception to that was Bernini. Her physical body seems to have dematerialized beneath the heavy drapery of her robe. The combined effect is one of intense drama, the ethereality of which denies the true nature of the work of art.

bernini sculptures

And the main thing that Baroque art always does is it involves the viewer, and here Bernini does that in a number of ways. The dark, patterned marble columns and convex niche in which the Ecstasy is framed, for example, enhance the brightness and dynamism of the scene, while giving the sense that the wall has opened up to reveal St.

Instead, he believes that Bernini used the erotic character of the experience as a springboard to a new and higher type of spiritual awakening.

Apollo and daphne bernini

Within the Church of Santa Maria della Vittoria It's important to think about this sculpture with the architecture, because Bernini was both a sculptor and an architect. It's about metamorphosis. We are, in a way, looking at a vision of a vision, one that Bernini has created for the faithful who worship at the altar and for the Cornaro family in particular. Other witnesses appear on the side walls; life-size high-relief donor portraits of male members of the Cornaro family, e. Although the figures are executed in white marble, the aedicule, wall panels and theatre boxes are made from coloured marbles. And the main thing that Baroque art always does is it involves the viewer, and here Bernini does that in a number of ways. Theresa is often described as a gesamtkunstwerk a German word meaning "total work of art" for the artist's incorporation of a variety of elements: sculpture, painting, and lighting effects all presented in a theatrical setting.

Upon entering the convent aged 19, Theresa became seriously ill she has now become a patron saint for the infirmpossibly depressed and subjecting her body to self-mutilation. It enabled him to focus on Baroque architecture - notably on his famous project to rebuild the square in front of Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome, where pilgrims gathered to receive the Pope's blessing - and on the construction of his two finest churches - S.

gian lorenzo bernini

But Saint Teresa was blessed.

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