History as natural history an essay on theory and method

The essays collected in this volume span most of Pocock's career. When we study different historical epochs, do we learn something about unchanging human beingsā€”or do we learn about fundamental differences of motivation, reasoning, desire, and collectivity?

Theory of historical change

Many rationalizations of the biblical story were put forward in the 17th century by people with different backgrounds and concerns. Are there cycles? Berlin, Isaiah, The sixth and final inquiry about a source is called internal criticism. Part II is then the autobiography, not of an individual developing and applying a new concept of political languages, but that of a profession as a whole -- the profession of the modern academic historian. Herder's views set the stage for the historicist philosophy of human nature later found in such nineteenth century figures as Hegel and Nietzsche. Human life is structured and carried out through meaningful action and symbolic expressions. The past is accessible to historians in the present, because it is open to them to re-enact important historical moments through imaginative reconstruction of the actors' states of mind and intentions. Or should we treat these ideas in a purely nominalistic way, treating them as convenient ways of aggregating complex patterns of social action and knowledge by large numbers of social actors in a time and place? Continuity and Change The problem of continuity and change within the scientific disciplines is felt acutely in a science like geography, which has been studied without a break for -at least- virtually three thousand years: The comparison of present-day geographical works with those of the past reveals immediately profound differences of goals and method.

This tradition derives from the tradition of scholarly Biblical interpretation. In today's changing world, with its rapid and profound restructuring of the fields of knowledge, the history of geography, in the sense of a comparative history of the discipline, can help the young student.

And he attempts to formulate a view of what the key questions are for each approach.

4 theories of history

This relationship and the growing separation which took place between geography and mathematics in the 18th century have been the subject of some of our papers Period -- Gen. Condorcet, Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat,

history its theory and method
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History without time: Buffon's natural history as a nonmathematical physique.