Sophie germain a french mathematician

sophie germain occupation

In the essay she pointed out some of the errors in her method. Because of prejudice against her gender, she was unable to make a career out of mathematics, but she worked independently throughout her life. Sophie was an avid reader as her father had a large library and she even taught herself Greek and Latin.

Your letter to General Pernety would have been most useful to me, if I had needed special protection on the part of the French government.

Sophie germain facts

Death and Legacy Mentored by the famous mathematician Joseph-Louis Lagrange, who supported her both morally and professionally, Sophie Germain passionately and devotedly continued her work in mathematics and philosophy until her death. But even with the prize in tow, Germain was not allowed to attend lectures at the Academy — the only women permitted to audit were the wives of members. However, her proof contained a weak assumption, and Gauss' reply did not comment on Germain's proof. The Germain library sufficed until Sophie was eighteen. In Germain learned she had breast cancer. Her research was significantly based on mean curvature, a term coined by the famous French mathematician herself. Leave a Reply. This work — deriving an accurate differential equation for the vibration of elastic surfaces — finally won her the coveted prize on January 8, , and she also remains in history as the first female scientist to win a prize awarded by the famous French learned society. Among her famous correspondents was Carl Friedrich Gauss, considered by many scholars the greatest mathematician who ever lived. Because of prejudice against her gender, she was unable to make a career out of mathematics, but she worked independently throughout her life. I ask you to take it as proof of my attention if I dare to add a remark to your last letter.

In she submitted a revised version of her essay to the Academy. According to most sources, her father, Ambroise-Francois, was a wealthy silk merchant, though some believe he was a goldsmith. Leave a Reply Your email address will not be published. Three months after the incident, Germain disclosed her true identity to Gauss.

sophie germain theorem

Nothing could prove me in a more flattering and less equivocal way that the attractions of that science, which have added so much joy to my life, are not chimerical, than the favor with which you have honored it. A plane has zero mean curvature at all points. Despite the pain, she continued to work.

Sophie germain quotes

Works on the Fermat's Last Theorem. Paris, 27 June mathemtics. She decided to try a third time and shared her thinking with Poisson, hoping he would contribute some useful insight. Death After being diagnosed with breast cancer, she never gave way to her disease rather worked vigorously on her work of elasticity and game theory. But even with the prize in tow, Germain was not allowed to attend lectures at the Academy — the only women permitted to audit were the wives of members. Thus it was that, at age thirteen, Sophie read an account of the death of Archimedes at the hands of a Roman soldier. Chladniu visited Paris, where he conducted experiments on vibrating plates. She went on to do foundational mathematical work on elasticity, as well as work in philosophy and psychology a century before the latter was a formal discipline. She submitted her paper early in the fall of , and did not win the prize. He replied, "How can I describe my astonishment and admiration on seeing my esteemed correspondent M leBlanc metamorphosed into this celebrated person. The notion of the curvature of a surface generalizes the corresponding concept for a plane curve by considering the curvatures of all plane sections of surface through the normal at a given point of the surface and then using only the largest and smallest of those curvatures. Germain published her prize-winning essay at her own expense in , mostly because she wanted to present her work in opposition to that of Poisson. This work — deriving an accurate differential equation for the vibration of elastic surfaces — finally won her the coveted prize on January 8, , and she also remains in history as the first female scientist to win a prize awarded by the famous French learned society.

The mean curvature is essential in the analysis of minimal surfaces as well as of the physical interfaces between fluids in fluid mechanics.

It was again rejected.

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Sophie Germain