Summary of nietzsches first essay on the genealogy of morality

Nietzsche ressentiment summary

In epistemology , it has been first used by Nietzsche and later by Michel Foucault , who tried to expand and apply the concept of genealogy as a novel method of research in sociology evinced principally in "histories" of sexuality and punishment. Man needs to develop an active faculty to work in opposition to this, so promises necessary for exercising control over the future can be made: this is memory. Table of Contents Summary On The Genealogy of Morals is made up of three essays, all of which question and critique the value of our moral judgments based on a genealogical method whereby Nietzsche examines the origins and meanings of our different moral concepts. This forgetfulness is, according to Nietzsche, an active "faculty of repression", not mere inertia or absentmindedness. To keep the case simple: what if we believe that people are better off if everyone gets to exercise their will to power? Reception and influence[ edit ] The work has received a multitude of citations and references from subsequent philosophical books as well as literary articles, works of fiction, and the like. Imagine that this universe is all there is, and that it repeats itself endlessly: at the end of time there is the beginning of time, and all happens again exactly as before. Psychology is a fundamental science, and often our theories are expressions of unconscious motives and beliefs. And thus, ultimately, to offer some as the "right" way to live? The nobles have not always been the standard bearers of civilised behaviour. The Jews managed to effect a complete reversal in moral valuations, associating themselves, the poor, the wretched, the meek, with "good," and the lustful, powerful, and noble as "evil," damned for all eternity.

Sympathetic philosophers have argued that Nietzsche sees the great artist as the best example of the new possible noble. Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy.

Nietzsche genealogy of morals preface summary

Have they hitherto hindered or furthered human prosperity? Power might be the name we should give to the state in which some purposes are subject to others. Bad and evil are both the opposite of "good," but bad and evil are different. Artists, he concludes, always require some ideology to prop themselves up. The origin of punishment, for example, is in a procedure that predates punishment. It may be that Nietzsche's rhetorical style sacrifices precision for flourish and effect. The gate to Dante's hell is inscribed, "I too was created by eternal love," meaning God's love created even hell, presumably for our benefit. This culture suppresses the will to power that he believes creates values. The first essay, "'Good and Evil,' 'Good and Bad'" contrasts what Nietzsche calls "master morality" and "slave morality. The nobles are prone to impulse and recklessness, sometimes even to resentment, but these passions are quickly fulfilled, exhausted and they the nobles are free to pursue happiness. The creditor is compensated for the injury done by the pleasure he derives from the infliction of cruelty on the debtor. The wronged person gets to enjoy the pleasure of being cruel, arising from the pleasure of being for a short while, perhaps of seeming higher status than the sufferer.

That is, to be able to assert and endorse your life would be a triumph of a kind. Given the extraordinary success of the ascetic ideal in imposing itself on our entire culture, what can we look to oppose it?

The arising of the ability to make promises required, N claims, a kind of predictability and regularity to human beings. Bad and evil are both the opposite of "good," but bad and evil are different. Mercy then in a sense transcends, is "beyond," the law.

nietzsche on the genealogy of morals preface book 1

Non-human animals are without worthy purposes, for example.

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Nietzsche Genealogy Of Morals First Essay Summary