The borrowing of concepts and approaches

Lehmann, Winfred P. Van Coetsem 8 reserves the term imitation for the former and adaptation for the latter.

types of lexical borrowing

The case of the nonce loan in Tamil. Thus room and office are distinguished in ASL in that the hand takes the shape of the letters R and O respectively but the movement and location of the sign remain the same.

intimate borrowing

In a diachronic research tradition that focuses on the historical development and the genetic classification of languages, it is clearly of central importance to be able to distinguish borrowed features from non- borrowed or native features of a language.

Berkeley: University of California Press.

intimate borrowing

This is the simplest and most reliable criterion for distin- guishing loanwords from single-word switches. But given our defi- nition of loanword above, we can never exclude that a word is a loanword, i.

Concept of borrowing

Moravcsik formulates the constraints on borrowing in the form of implicational universals of borrowing. Transactions of the Philological Society — Loanwords in a taxonomy of borrowings Although in this work we are primarily concerned with loanwords, it will be useful to consider briefly a range of other borrowing phenomena that are more or less closely related to loanwords. First of all, the words may have been borrowed adopted before the borrowing language became dominant and before the donor language speakers began to shift. Most importantly, of course, we need to exclude the possibility of descent from a common ancestor, which is a very common reason for word similarities across languages. As the pronoun system of a language is more tightly organised than the adjectives, for example, pronouns are less likely to be borrowed. Stanford University Press. As they are very similar, the following discussion is limited to Haugen's typology.
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