The causes of the renaissances origin in italy the glorious past and the need for stability comfort

After fourteen months in Italy Burckhardt came back to Basel with three quarters of a book finished. This may also explain the enigmatic nature of his work.

italian city states renaissance

A gonfaloniere standard-bearer of justice was established as the seventh prior and chief of the priors, with the function of executing sentences pronounced in court against the nobles.

He ended up in France. On the vast ocean upon which we venture, the possible ways and directions are many; and the same studies that have served for this work might easily, in other hands, not only receive a wholly different treatment and interpretation, but might also lead to essentially different conclusions.

The causes of the renaissances origin in italy the glorious past and the need for stability comfort

To this end he attempted, by force and bribery, to acquire bases on the Italian coast from which to harass the great Italian commercial cities. In the course of the 15th century, the most powerful city-states annexed their smaller neighbors. The reorganization of the education system added to his duties and he asked to be excused from having to correct papers, a condition the board refused to meet. Perhaps of greatest significance was the circumstance that Burckhardt had beliefs but no theories, and thus was not crippled by a system. His family had risen from plebeian origins, through trade, to the banking industry. Naples, for example, received a fresh and stronger impulse from the new Aragonese dynasty. Machiavelli saw himself as an Italian patriot and ended The Prince with a call for the unification of Italy.

His successor, as we shall see, proved inadequate to his task. His son Lorenzo, later called the Magnificent, was only twenty when he was asked to assume his father's place at the head of the city government. It was, therefore, relatively easy for the growing cities to expand into the surrounding countryside by subduing the nobles and annexing their land.

Italian renaissance facts

With the awakening of the spirit of civic independence in medieval Italy, the people of Rome became subject to periodic fits of restlessness under papal rule. He laid claim to twenty illegitimate children besides sixteen legitimate ones , was noted for the violence of his temper, worked hard at the business of government, and issued game laws of inhuman severity. It was possible for a condottiere to obtain the lordship of a district even without usurpation, when his employer, through want of money or troops, provided for him in this way; under any circumstances the condottiere, even when he dismissed temporarily the greater part of his forces, needed a safe place where he could establish his winter quarters and lay up his stores and provisions. Pavia was to remain the second city in the Milanese domains. He was not allowed to become associated with any of the local factions or to marry into any of the local families, and at the end of his term a year or six months his conduct in office was subjected to a thorough scrutiny. In a committee of seventeen, similarly controlled by Lorenzo and including him among its members, was established to nominate the priors. In addition to the internal struggle, and the struggles for independence from emperor and pope, there was the constant fighting of the cities against one another. The whole conduct of Charles in Italy was a scandalous political comedy. Whenever possible, cities were acquired peacefully, by purchase or voluntary surrender. The trials, though secret, were scrupulously fair, and judgment was based on a thorough effort to get the facts. It was the greatest trading center in Europe. It was under the government of this oligarchy that Florence had to face the threat from Gian Galeazzo Visconti of Milan.

Machiavelli saw himself as an Italian patriot and ended The Prince with a call for the unification of Italy. Renaissance culture became fashionable.

italian renaissance characteristics

His work in art history and especially his work on the Cicerone had given him a clearer view of the extent and limits of that particular period of history, so that he, as others had not, could grasp it as a whole.

Early in the fourteenth century the Visconti embarked on the policy of territorial aggression that became characteristic of their house. A few relatively small states, for example Ferrara, Mantua, and Siena, have retained their independent status.

renaissance history
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Italian Renaissance