The details of the escalating conflict in vietnam and the start of the vietnam war

Vietnam war summary

Some eighty-five thousand Viet Cong attacked Saigon and other major cities in the south. Some eighty percent lived off the land, mostly in thousands of technologically primitive villages and hamlets surrounded by their rice paddies. The civilian population in the South did not rise up against the Saigon government but rejected the communist invaders. He grew up on nationalist tales of Vietnamese heroes. Only French residents and a few wealthy, westernized Vietnamese were given the right to vote, and Vietnamese manufacturing was actively discouraged. Acting on the belief that Hanoi would eventually weaken when faced with stepped up bombing raids, Johnson and his advisers ordered the U. The "Eagle Flight" choppers were loaded with Vietnamese airborne troops who were dropped in to support ground forces at the first sign of enemy contact. In addition to supporting on-going South Vietnamese raids in the countryside and implementing a U. Table of Contents. The U. The first phase of the assault began on January 30 and 31, when NLF forces simultaneously attacked a number of targets, mostly populated areas and places with heavy U. When the Great Depression caused a rise in unemployment and dramatic declines in the price of rice and the standard of living, communism became even more appealing as it did in the other parts of the world, including the United States. The same month, U. In September the Japanese invaded Indochina to prevent China from moving arms and fuel through the region.

AP Read more With the persuasion of a Viet Cong-made spear pressed against his throat, a captured Viet Cong guerrilla decided to talk to interrogators, telling them of a cache of Chinese grenades on March 28, Kennedy chose to expand the military aid program.

The Vietnamese were not even allowed to produce rice wine, often used for ritual purposes, because it would compete with grape wine imported from France.

how long was the vietnam war

Congress authorized troop deployment in Vietnam, but, because it did not issue a declaration of war on North Vietnam or the Viet Congthe Vietnam War is, technically speaking, not considered a war in the United States.

They are forced to retreat and suffer heavy losses. French Indochina, More differences between north and south developed as a result of French Colonialism.

vietnam war us involvement

Among other countries that fought for South Vietnam on a smaller scale, South Korea suffered more than 4, dead, Thailand aboutAustralia more thanand New Zealand some three dozen.

Was the Vietnam War technically a war?

Vietnam war timeline

In addition to supporting on-going South Vietnamese raids in the countryside and implementing a U. When the Great Depression caused a rise in unemployment and dramatic declines in the price of rice and the standard of living, communism became even more appealing as it did in the other parts of the world, including the United States. The North Vietnamese continued to insist on complete and unconditional U. They reported an attack by North Vietnamese patrol boats on August 2, and a second attack on August 4. Operation Rolling Thunder commenced on February 13, and continued through the spring of Johnson quadrupled the number of bombing raids against North Vietnam but barred any invasion of the North by U. Vichy France continued to run the colony, but ultimate power resided with the Japanese. But then WWII and the resulting regional instability changed everything.

Westmoreland pursued a policy of attrition, aiming to kill as many enemy troops as possible rather than trying to secure territory. Once elected, Johnson steadily increased the troop levels until by early there were more than half a million American servicemen in Vietnam—a course of action Eisenhower had strongly opposed.

In an attempt to limit the volume of American casualties, he announced a program called Vietnamization : withdrawing U.

who won the vietnam war

When the Great Depression caused a rise in unemployment and dramatic declines in the price of rice and the standard of living, communism became even more appealing as it did in the other parts of the world, including the United States. The invasion of these countries, in violation of international law, sparked a new wave of protests on college campuses across America.

The South Vietnamese are overcome despite their four-to-one advantage and the technical and planning assistance of U. The Vietnamese originated from the Red River Delta in North Vietnam, where they built a culture based on rice cultivation and local commerce.

The details of the escalating conflict in vietnam and the start of the vietnam war

Bodies of the slain soldiers were carried to this clearing with their gear to await evacuation by helicopter. They formed secret political parties and attempted to organize resistance against French colonial rule. A frustrated and discouraged President Johnson did not know what to believe—the positive reports of his generals or the negative reporting of the media. Both sides declare victory. Both sides wanted the same thing: a unified Vietnam. Johnson announced that the bombing of North Vietnam would cease above the 20th parallel and placed a limit on U. As the H helicopters hovered six feet from the ground to avoid spikes and wires and under sniper fire, the troops jumped out to attack. At the very least, the North Vietnamese hoped it would serve to stop the ongoing escalation of guerilla attacks and bombing in the North. The policy becomes known as the Truman Doctrine.
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The Vietnam War: Background and Overview