The process of social problems workers on taking cases

tools and techniques of social case work

A move from the notion that unemployed people have problems to the idea that unemployed people are problems has major implications for the direction of public policy. Since the mids in the UK there has been a marked shift in emphasis from the first to the second approach.

Components of social work pdf

These social constructions may be in the form of common-sense knowledges, political ideologies, or social science perspectives, but they all contribute to the shaping of how social problems are constructed. Each provides a way into defining, interpreting and acting in the social world that we inhabit. Since the mids in the UK there has been a marked shift in emphasis from the first to the second approach. Different perspectives are likely to emphasise different levels of explanation. Each of the statements above could be assessed in this way, exploring the assumptions about society, behaviour and poverty that underpin them. Interfering with this natural order of things is dangerous, particularly because it prevents poverty acting as a spur to try harder. Ideas about the natural basis of society or of social problems within society refer us to a set of claims about the universal laws of biology or evolution that determine how we might behave. Particular definitions of problems often proceed by this dual approach — establishing their own line of argument and rejecting others. It is, however, not quite so easy. They're not intended to be submitted as your own work, so we don't waste time removing every error. Let us go back to the list of current social problems mentioned at the start of the course and look in more detail at the issue of poverty. The first sees poverty as natural or inevitable, the second focuses on the behaviour of poor people, while the third analyses poverty as the result of economic or political processes. They identify a range of attributes as the biological basis of human society and often insist that these are unchanging and unchangeable.

For example, an increase in the number of people working in low-paid jobs produces lower incomes and more people living in relative poverty, or changes in government policy on welfare benefits might reduce incomes or trap people in poverty because they lose benefits when they earn income.

Unemployment was not a social problem in the UK for most of the nineteenth century, although the unemployed themselves were certainly seen as a threat to social order being beggars, thieves and a bad example to other workers. It is, however, not quite so easy. Health became a focus of public finance, provision and intervention rather than being left to private arrangements.

The process of social problems workers on taking cases

Common sense has been built up over time, carrying with it traces of earlier understandings which are also brought into discussions of new issues and debates. Political parties address bits of common sense in their efforts to persuade people that they have the right answers and that their policies should be implemented. Interfering with this natural order of things is dangerous, particularly because it prevents poverty acting as a spur to try harder. Equally, men's behaviour has been interpreted as the product of biological forces and drives. These connections — the dominance of some ideas over others, and the political articulation of some ideas — matter, because they lead to social action. Even these brief extracts from books and articles indicate that social scientists take longer to say things than the rather pithy common-sense statements that we looked at earlier. Common-sense views are not just discussions or conversations that take place in idle moments. The same approach could be applied to statements about other social problems.

While each of them would like to have their explanations seen as the truth, none of them can be certified as the truth merely by virtue of their being written by a social scientist.

Such a view is contested by those who define poverty in relative terms and argue that poverty has, in fact, increased — for them it is a growing social problem.

In addition to moral crisis, we might need to catalogue views about the irresponsibility of men, the changing pressures on family life, the causes of changes in divorce and marriage, and whether the same sorts of explanations apply to widowed, separated and never married women — as well as to lone fathers.

Political parties address bits of common sense in their efforts to persuade people that they have the right answers and that their policies should be implemented. If we believe they are not, there is no social problem which requires attention or any social response.

principles of social case work pdf

Uncover new sources by reviewing other students' references and bibliographies Inspire new perspectives and arguments or counterarguments to address in your own essay Read our Academic Honor Code for more information on how to use and how not to use our library. Such theories have made their way into the realm of everyday or common-sense constructions — we all know bits of economic theory, bits of psychology and even bits of sociology.

Rated 7/10 based on 111 review
Download
Social problems: Who makes them?: View as single page