Writing a discussion section of a scientific paper

Our on-site scientific writing workshops can range from hours to several days in length. What problems did you encounter in carrying out the experiment and how could you overcome these in future investigations?

lab report discussion example

Keep in mind the difference between what your results suggest at a given point versus what more can be known from them. Notice the additional parts of the discussion and what questions the new content is answering. As such, you should always approach the selection and interpretation of your findings introspectively and to think critically about the possibility of judgmental biases unintentionally entering into discussions about the significance of your work.

An effective abstract stands on its own — it can be understood fully even when made available without the full paper. What are your results? Then and only then the most specialized among them might want to know the details of the work.

To this end, avoid referring to figures or the bibliography in the abstract. The description of findings [results] and the interpretation of their significance [discussion] should be distinct sections of your paper.

Writing a discussion section of a scientific paper

Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation. For example, describing lessons learned, proposing recommendations that can help improve a situation, or recommending best practices. The Content The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: Explanation of results: comment on whether or not the results were expected and present explanations for the results; go into greater depth when explaining findings that were unexpected or especially profound. George Mason University; Discussion. For the object of the document, use the document itself as the subject of the sentence: this paper, this letter, etc. If you feel you cannot or need not do more than list items, consider using a table or perhaps a schematic diagram rather than a paragraph of text. University College Writing Centre. Should you need to remind the reader of a finding to be discussed, use "bridge sentences" that relate the result to the interpretation. Be wary of mistaking the reiteration of a specific finding for an interpretation because it may confuse the reader. Deduction: a claim for how the results can be applied more generally. Next, state the desired situation what we want. The next big step is to write the discussion. Systematically explain the meaning of the findings and why you believe they are important. Department of English Writing Guide. Then and only then the most specialized among them might want to know the details of the work.

Convey the need for the work as an opposition between actual and desired situations. The mechanisms through which cancers escape EGFR-targeted therapies remain unclear.

In a sense, it should be the least specialized part of the paper. The peer review process is the quality control step in the publication of ideas.

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